Costanze is a PhD student visiting the Oskar Klein Centre for a couple of months. I asked her to tell us a bit more about this experience.
where are you from? What brings you to Stockholm?
In Germany I am working at the ECAP, the Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, which is part of the university of Erlangen. There I started my PhD in the H.E.S.S. Collaboration in 2009.
The results presented at the III Fermi symposium in Rome reflected, in particular, what a magnificent instrument the Fermi LAT is for observing active galactic nuclei and pulsars. The 2 source catalogue 2FGL was presented and will soon be released with 1888 sources. Much attention was given to the blazar 3C454.3 which has been monitored since the launch and has undergone a series of very bright outbursts.
We are just about to finish our second night at the world’s largest optical telescope, the 10.4m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) on the summit of the island of La Palma. For me personally, observing surely confirms that the only difference between children and scientists are the prices of their toys. The pricetag of the GTC is roughly 650000 times more than the telescope I got in the 8th grade, but on the other hand it also has about 10000 times light collecting capability.
The Fermi Symposium of 2011 in Rome has now reached its last day and we have heard many interesting talks, ranging all the way from dark matter to various astrophysical sources and observations. The OKC has been very well represented with participants both from the Department of Physics and the Department of Astronomy at Stockholm University and by the KTH group.
During the last couple of months, a large wooden structure has been puzzling passers-by at Linköping airport. Hanging from the structure is PoGOLite – a X-ray telescope which is specifically designed to determine the polarisation of incoming photons. This capability makes PoGOLite unique.
One of the many research topics at OKC is the study of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Several aspects of them are studied, such as the gamma-ray and X-ray emission, the afterglow emission, and the interaction between the bursts and the circumburst medium.
In a recent paper based on observations with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope it is argued that the main emission during the first few minutes of GRBs is dominated by the jet photosphere and that there is significant amount of energy dissipation close to the photosphere. This result is significant for our understanding of physics of GRB jets.
Last week I was in Avignon, France, giving a talk at the PONT Workshop there. Among the people there was Sean Carroll, who some of you may remember (he visited us some 6 or 7 years ago). He runs an interesting physics blog since many years. You can find his report from the workshop here.
Brainstorming is one of the most known and diffused creativity boosting techniques used for getting fresh ideas. While brainstorming can also be done by individuals, it is most effective when done in a group of 10-12 people.
The technique is in principle very simple. A topic of discussion should be clarified and well defined at the beginning of a brainstorming session, possibly in terms of a question to answer. The definition of the task is important and one of the key of a successful brainstorming session.
As the Sun is finally warming up both the nature and people this far north, also the efforts to construct the Swedish LOFAR station awake from their winter sleep. From November until now snow and frozen soil stopped the work in its tracks, but today at Onsala near Göteborg on the west coast of Sweden, the building activities will recommence.
LOFAR is a European wide radio telescope consisting of stations spread out over the Netherlands, Germany, the UK, France and Sweden, with possibly more countries joining in the future.
Have you ever wanted to have a thinking cap?
Really! I sometimes wish I had one helping me out of my fixed thoughts. Unless you know Allan Snyder, director of the University of Sydney’s Centre for the Mind, who has just invented one, you need to get thinking outside the box using some other techniques.